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nature & science

Comment on “The early origin of a birdlike inner ear and the evolution of dinosaurian movement and vocalization”

Science - issue - Pá, 06/24/2022 - 15:01
Hanson et al. (Research Articles, 7 May 2021, p. 601) claim that the shape of the vestibular apparatus reflects the evolution of reptilian locomotion. Using biomechanics, we demonstrate that semici...

Tumor necrosis factor induces pathogenic mitochondrial ROS in tuberculosis through reverse electron transport

Science - issue - Pá, 06/24/2022 - 15:01
Excess tumor necrosis factor stimulates mitochondria to release pathological reactive oxygen species in tuberculosis.

After <i>Roe</i> v. <i>Wade</i>: US researchers warn of what’s to come

Nature - issue - Pá, 06/24/2022 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 24 June 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-01775-z

Years of studies on abortion access foreshadow the negative economic and health effects ahead.

Coronapod: USA authorises vaccines for youngest of kids

Nature - issue - Pá, 06/24/2022 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 24 June 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-01776-y

We discuss the USA's decision to authorise the Moderna and Pfizer COVID vaccines for children under five

Mysterious child hepatitis continues to vex researchers

Nature - issue - Pá, 06/24/2022 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 24 June 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-01706-y

US cases of liver inflammation among children have remained flat, but UK cases seem to have risen, leading some to suggest a coronavirus contribution.

Why you should love wasps, and what is emotion? Books in brief

Nature - issue - Pá, 06/24/2022 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 24 June 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-01758-0

Andrew Robinson reviews five of the week’s best science picks.

Into high gear: material made of cogs stiffens or flexes on command

Nature - issue - Pá, 06/24/2022 - 00:00

Nature, Published online: 24 June 2022; doi:10.1038/d41586-022-01713-z

A strong material becomes more rigid or more relaxed when its constituent gears are spun.

8000-year doubling of Midwestern forest biomass driven by population- and biome-scale processes

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
A model reconstructing preindustrial forests in the Midwestern United States shows a steady increase in forest biomass over millennia.

Global ocean lipidomes show a universal relationship between temperature and lipid unsaturation

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Climate-change-related declines in the availability of some essential fatty acids to marine food webs may affect future fisheries.

Small-molecule activation of OGG1 increases oxidative DNA damage repair by gaining a new function

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
A small-molecule activator of a DNA glycolase enzyme generates a new enzymatic function and increases oxidative DNA damage repair.

Slow and negligible senescence among testudines challenges evolutionary theories of senescence

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
In the wild, the aging rates of reptiles and amphibians range from negligible to fast depending on protective traits and pace of lifestyle.

Diverse aging rates in ectothermic tetrapods provide insights for the evolution of aging and longevity

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
In the wild, the aging rates of reptiles and amphibians range from negligible to fast depending on protective traits and pace of lifestyle.

A centimeter-long bacterium with DNA contained in metabolically active, membrane-bound organelles

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Candidatus Thiomargarita magnifica contains compartmentalized genomic material and disrupts conceptions of microbial morphology.

Rapid changes to global river suspended sediment flux by humans

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Dams have decreased sediment flux in the global north, but land-use changes have increased it in the global south.

Nickel-catalyzed hydrogenative coupling of nitriles and amines for general amine synthesis

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
A nickel catalyst couples nitriles with amines and hydrogen to make more highly substituted amines.

In Other Journals

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Editors’ selections from the current scientific literature

Getting ahead of climate change for ecological adaptation and resilience

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Changing the course of Earth’s climate is increasingly urgent, but there is also a concurrent need for proactive stewardship of the adaptive capacity of the rapidly changing biosphere. Adaptation u...

Climate change and the urgency to transform food systems

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Without rapid changes to agriculture and food systems, the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change will not be met. Food systems are one of the most important contributors to greenhouse...

Harnessing the potential of nature-based solutions for mitigating and adapting to climate change

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Although many governments, financial institutions, and corporations are embracing nature-based solutions as part of their sustainability and net-zero carbon strategies, some nations, Indigenous peo...

Current global efforts are insufficient to limit warming to 1.5°C

Science - issue - Čt, 06/23/2022 - 15:01
Human activities have caused global temperatures to increase by 1.25°C, and the current emissions trajectory suggests that we will exceed 1.5°C in less than 10 years. Though the growth rate of glob...

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